Salmon Brook is the largest, and arguably most important, tributary to the Farmington River. It supports natural, cultural and recreational resources of exceptional significance to the citizens of Connecticut and the nation. There is strong local support for protecting the river, including votes of support for Wild and Scenic designation from the governing bodies of all ten communities abutting the study area including Avon, Bloomfield, Burlington, Canton, East Granby, Farmington, Granby, Hartland, Simsbury and Windsor.
The river corridor boasts a remarkable combination of varied geology; healthy forested watershed; excellent fishing and paddling areas; well-kept walking and biking trails; diverse communities of plants, wildlife, fish and aquatic invertebrates; rich agricultural soils; archaeological sites; historic towns and landmarks; and striking scenic views. The outstandingly remarkable values described in the management plan are geology, water quality, biological diversity, cultural landscape and recreation.